Discover The 15 Incredible Facts on HNO3 + C Reactions

The chemical reaction between nitric acid and carbon produces components that are primarily oxidative and responsible for the decomposition of organic substances. Let us explore the chemical reactivity of HNO3 እና ሲ. 

ኤን.ኤን.3 is a colorless corrosive mineral acid that finds various applications in the fertilizer industry. Carbon denoted as C due to its sp2 hybridization can form a variety of interesting compounds. 

The reactivity of HNO3 and C can be a source of various important compounds with agricultural benefits. Thus, these important reaction-based incredible facts are presented below in detail: 

የ HNO ምርት ምንድነው?3 and C?

ኤን.ኤን.3 and C interact to produce nitrogen dioxide (NO2), Carbon dioxide (CO2) እና ውሃ (ኤች2O). The complete chemical equation is given as:

ኤን.ኤን.3 + C = NO2 + ኮ2 + ሸ2O

ምን አይነት ምላሽ HNO ነው3 + C?

ኤን.ኤን.3 + ናኦኤች ኤ ነው። ቅነሳ-oxidation ምላሽ where carbon (C) oxidizes itself to carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitric acid (HNO3) gets reduced to nitrogen dioxide (NO2). 

HNO እንዴት እንደሚመጣጠን3 + C?

የሚከተለው የአልጀብራ ዘዴ የኬሚካላዊ ምላሽን ለማመጣጠን እንደ ማብራሪያ መጠቀም ይቻላል 

ኤን.ኤን.3 + C = NO2 + ኮ2 + ሸ2O,

  • በኬሚካላዊ እኩልታ ውስጥ የሚሰጠውን እያንዳንዱን ዝርያ (ሪአክታንት ወይም ምርት) በተለዋዋጭ (A፣ B፣ C፣ D እና E) ሰይም
  • (ሀ) C + (B) HNO3 = (C) CO2 + (D) NO2 + (E) H2O
  • በእያንዲንደ ሬአክታንት ወይም የምርት ዝርያ ውስጥ የሚገኙትን የአንድ ንጥረ ነገር አተሞች ቁጥር የሚወክለውን እኩልታ ለመፍታት ለሚተገበረው ምላሽ በሚሰጡ ዝርያዎች ውስጥ ላሉት ለእያንዳንዱ ኤለመንት ተስማሚ የሆነ እኩልታ ይቀንሱ።
  • C = A = C, H = B = 2E, N = B = D, O = 3B = 2C + 2D + E
  • የ Gaussian መጥፋት እና የመተካት ዘዴ ሁሉንም ተለዋዋጮች እና ቅንጅቶችን ለማቃለል ይተገበራል ፣ ውጤቱም
  • A = 1, B = 4, C = 1, D = 4, and D = 2
  • ስለዚህ ፣ አጠቃላይ ሚዛናዊ እኩልነት ፣ 
  • 4 HNO3 + C = 4 NO2 + ኮ2 + 2 ኤች2O

ኤን.ኤን.3 + C titration

ኤን.ኤን.3 + C system is not performed as መመራት as carbon as an element cannot work either as a titre or as a titrant. A specific indicator cannot also be thought of to demonstrate the end point of the titration.

ኤን.ኤን.3 + C net ionic equation

የተጣራ ionic ቀመር የ HNO3 + C is 

C (s) + 4 H+ (aq) = 2 H2ኦ (ል) + CO2 (ሰ)

የተጣራ ionic እኩልታ የሚገኘው የሚከተሉትን ደረጃዎች በመጠቀም ነው

  • ሚዛኑን የጠበቀ ኬሚካላዊ እኩልታ ይፃፉ እና የሬክታተሮችን እና የምርቶቹን አካላዊ ሁኔታ በዚሁ መሰረት ይሰይሙ
  • ኤን.ኤን.3 (aq) + C (s) = 4 NO2 (g) + CO2 (ሰ) + 2 ሸ2ኦ (ል)
  • አሁን፣ ጠንካራ አሲዶች፣ መሠረቶች እና ጨዎች ወደ ionዎች ይከፋፈላሉ ነገር ግን ንፁህ ጠንካራ ንጥረ ነገሮች እና ሞለኪውሎች አይለያዩም።
  • H+ + አይ3- + ሐ = H+ + አይ2- + ሐ+ ኮ2 + ኦ- 
  • ስለዚህ, የተጣራ ionic እኩልታ ነው
  • C (s) + 4 H+ (aq) = 2 H2ኦ (ል) + CO2 (ሰ)

ኤን.ኤን.3 + C conjugate pairs

  • Conjugate pair of strong acid Hአይ3 is H2አይ3+.
  • Conjugate pair of C cannot be formed due to unavailability of free hydrogen ions in it. 

ኤን.ኤን.3 and C intermolecular forces

በኤች.ዲ. ላይ የሚሠሩ ኢንተርሞለኩላር ኃይሎችአይ3 እና ሐ ናቸው: 

  • Hአይ3 interacts using strong hydrogen bonds, weak London dispersion forces, and dipole-dipole interactions between the molecules. 
  • C oxidizes to form CO2 where the movement of the electron causes instantaneous dipoles to form የለንደን መበታተን ኃይሎች.
  • አይ2 register formation of dipole dipole and ion-dipole interactions due to negative and positive charges being found in equilibrium in the molecule.
Intermolecular forces acting on HNO3 እና ሐ

ኤን.ኤን.3 + C reaction enthalpy

ኤን.ኤን.3 + ሐ አሉታዊ ያሳያል ምላሽ enthalpy ከ -631.62 ኪጁ / ሞል. ለተሳተፉት ምላሽ ሰጪዎች እና ምርቶች ኢንታልፒ መረጃ እንደሚከተለው ነው 

  • Enthalpy of formation for reactant Hአይ3-207.36 ኪጄ/ሞል
  • Enthalpy of formation for reactant C: 716.68 ኪጄ/ሞል
  • Enthalpy of formation for product አይ2: 33.18 ኪጄ/ሞል
  • Enthalpy of formation for product CO2-393.50 ኪጄ/ሞል
  • ለምርት ኤች2ኦ፡ -241.80 ኪጄ/ሞል

HNO ነው3 + C a buffer solution?

ኤን.ኤን.3 + ሐ አይፈጥርም ድባብ because the buffer is prepared by the addition of weak acid to the salt of its conjugate base whereas HNO3 is not a weak acid and C is an amphoteric element and not a salt of the conjugate base of HNO3

HNO ነው3 + C a complete reaction?

Hአይ3 + ሐ is a complete reaction as the stable products namely nitrogen dioxide (NO2ካርቦን ዳይኦክሳይድ (CO2) እና ውሃ (ኤች2O). are produced in the reaction.   

HNO ነው3 + C an exothermic or endothermic reaction?

ኤን.ኤን.3 + ሐ ነው አንድ የተጋላጭነት ስሜት because the calculated reaction enthalpy is observed to be negative. The enthalpy oof formation of reactants is greater than that of products which justifies that heat is released in the process. 

HNO ነው3 + C a redox reaction?

ኤን.ኤን.3 + ሐ ነው የ redox ምላሽ because carbon (C) oxidizes itself to carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitric acid (HNO3) gets reduced to nitrogen dioxide (NO2). 

HNO ነው3 + C a precipitation reaction?

ኤን.ኤን.3 + ሐ አይደለም ሀ ዝናብ reaction as NO2 እና CO2 produced in the reaction are gases that do not settle as a solid precipitate in the reaction. 

HNO ነው3 + C reversible or irreversible reaction?

ኤን.ኤን.3 + ሐ ነው አንድ የማይመለስ ምላሽ because the formed products in the reaction do not change back into original reactants till the conditions remain similar. 

HNO ነው3 + C displacement reaction?

ኤን.ኤን.3 + ሐ አይደለም ሀ የመፈናቀል ምላሽ because no new compounds are observed to be formed due to the displacement of a single component or due to double displacement between both the reacting species.


The chemical reaction of HNO3 + C forms nitrogen dioxide and carbon dioxide as the major products that have huge beneficial properties in the production of fertilizers, pesticides, and related industries. The chemicals have been used in the manufacturing of synthetic dyes, fibres and plastics.

ወደ ላይ ሸብልል